Recent Developments in Renewable Energy in Remote Aboriginal Communities, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Konstantinos Karanasios, Paul Parker

Abstract


An energy transition is being proposed for Labrador’s remote aboriginal communities that are currently serviced by diesel fueled electricity generators. The Nunatsiavut Regional Government (NRG) is concerned about electricity price increases, power outages and shortages that affect economic development in communities. The high cost of connecting the communities to the Labrador or Newfoundland interconnected grids restricts access to clean and affordable hydroelectricity provided by large projects in southwestern Labrador. Instead, the NRG proposed local renewable sources of electricity as the means to improve community wellbeing. This paper reviews the electrical systems, past renewable electricity projects, as well as available renewable resources for electricity generation in Labrador’s isolated communities. A transition from diesel generated electricity to less carbon intensive generation is promoted through utility scale run-of-river projects in five of the 16 communities and wind and solar pilot projects to be developed by the Nunatsiavut Regional Government. A net metering policy encourages community participation in small scale wind and solar applications to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions, high electricity expenses and increase development capacity.

Keywords: Newfoundland and Labrador, remote aboriginal communities, indigenous communities, renewable electricity, community ownership, wind, solar

Full Text:

PDF

References


AANDC and NRCan. (2011). Status of Remote/Off-Grid Communities in Canada. Ottawa: Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC) and Natural Resources Canada (NRCan).

Ah-You, K., & Leng, G. (1999). Renewable Energy in Canada's Remote Communities. Natural Resources Canada.

Baker , M. (1990). Rural Electricfication in Newfoundland in the 1950s and the Origins of the Newfoundland Power Commission. Newfoundland Studies, Vol.6(2), 190-209.

Cherniak, D., Dufresne, V., Keyte, L., Mallett, A., & Scott, S. (2015). Report on the State of Alternative Energy in the Arctic. Ottawa: School of Public Policy and Administration, Carleton University.

GNFL. (2007). Focusing our energy-Newfoundland Labrador energy plan. Government of Newfoundland Labrador.

GNFL. (2015a). Focusing our energy-Energy plan progress report 2015. Government of Newfoundland Labrador.

GNFL. (2015b). Net Metering Policy Framework. Retrieved from Government of Newfoundland and Labrador: http://www.nr.gov.nl.ca/nr/energy/electricity/net_metering_framework.pdf.

GNFL. (2016, June 14). Electricity-Overview. Retrieved from Newfoundland and Labrador-department of Natural Resources: http://www.nr.gov.nl.ca/nr/energy/electricity/.

Nalcor Energy. (2012). Newfoundland and Labrador Hydro Electricity Rates-Information Sheet. Nalcor Energy: Retrieved 15 June 2016 from: http://nalcorenergy.com/uploads/file/Rates%20Info%20Sheet.pdf.

Nalcor Energy. (2014a). Nalcor Energy-NFHydro. Strategic Plan 2014-2016. Nalcor Energy and Newfoundland Hydro: Retrieved 20 May 2016 from: http://www.nr.gov.nl.ca/nr/publications/pdf/Nalcor-Hydro_2014-16_Strategic_Plan_(Tabled).pdf.

Nalcor Energy. (2014b). 2013 Annual Performance Report. Transparency and Accountability. Nalcor Energy and NFL Hydro.

NFL. (2011). Charting the course. Climate change Action Plan 2011. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador: Retrieved 15 June 2016 from: http://www.exec.gov.nl.ca/exec/ccee/publications/climate_change.pdf.

NFL-AA. (n.d.). The future of our land. The future for our children. A Northern Strategic Plan for Labrador. Department of Labrador and Aboriginal Affairs: Retrieved 15 June 2016 from: http://www.laa.gov.nl.ca/laa/northern_strategic_plan/nspl.pdf.

NG. (2016). Nunatsiavut Energy Security Plan. Retrieved from Nunatsiavut Government: http://www.nunatsiavut.com/article/nunatsiavut-energy-security-plan/.

NLH. (2009). Preliminary Assessment of Alternative Energy Potential in Coastal Labrador. Retrieved 22 Oct.2015 from Newfoundland and Labrador Hydro: http://www.nr.gov.nl.ca/nr/publications/energy/preliminary_assessment_of_alternative_energy_potential_in_coastal_labrador.pdf.

NLH. (2015). Schedule of Rates. Retrieved 16 June 2016 from Newfoundland and Labrador Hydro: http://www.nlhydro.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/Schedule-of-Rates-Rules-and-Regulations.pdf.

NLH. (2016, June 16). Transmission and Rural Operations. Retrieved from Newfoundland and Labrador Hydro: https://www.nlhydro.com/operations/transmission-and-rural-operations/

Oprisan, M. (2007). Introduction of Hydrogen Technologies to Ramea Island. Natural Resources Canada: Retrieved 07 April 2016 from: http://www.ieawind.org/wnd_info/KWEA_pdf/Oprisan_KWEA_.pdf.

PA-Hatch . (2015). Review of the Newfoundland and Labrador Electricity System. Power Advisory LLC-Hatch Ltd.

Roberts, T. (2016, Aug. 30). Hydro power for Mary's Harbour? Engineer says he can save province 270K litres of diesel. Retrieved from CBC News: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/mary-s-harbour-hydro-power-1.3739735

Statistics Canada. (2012). Population by Census Subdivision (CSD)-Newfoundland and Labrador. 2011 Census. Newfoundland and Labrador Statistics Agency: Retrieved 14 June 2016 from: http://www.stats.gov.nl.ca/Statistics/Census2011/PDF/POP_CSD_Alphabetical_2011.pdf.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15353/pced.v16i0.73

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.