Recent Developments in Renewable Energy in Remote Aboriginal Communities, Nunavut, Canada

Konstantinos Karanasios, Paul Parker

Abstract


Remote aboriginal communities in Nunavut are entirely dependent on diesel powered electricity. This paper reviews the electricity systems in 25 remote communities, past renewable electricity projects and available renewable resources. Despite past efforts to introduce renewable energy into these communities, alternative energy generation is limited to a few district heating installations, and wind and solar demonstration projects. The high cost of deployment of renewable technologies in Nunavut’s isolated locations and limited government financial resources hinder communities’ participation in renewable electricity generation. However, growing demand and the necessity for diesel plant replacements or upgrades in 17 of the 25 communities, combined with recent decreases in the cost of solar and battery storage technologies, provide an opportunity for communities with high wind resources to integrate wind and solar projects into their electricity systems and to reduce dependence on fossil fuels.

Keywords: Nunavut, remote aboriginal communities, indigenous communities, diesel, renewable electricity, wind, solar 


Full Text:

PDF

References


AANDC. (2012b, May 01). Off-grid communities. Retrieved from Aboriginal Affaires and Northern Development Canada: https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1314295992771/1314296121126#comm.

AANDC. (2014b). 2011-2016 ecoENERGY for Aboriginal and Northern Communities Program Results . Retrieved from Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada: http://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1334855478224/1334856305920.

Ah-You, K., & Leng, G. (1999). Renewable Energy in Canada's Remote Communities. Natural Resources Canada.

Bell, J. (2015, June 18). Senate study: Nunavut’s power generation system “unsustainable”. Retrieved 30 Dec.2015 from Nunatsiaq Online: http://www.nunatsiaqonline.ca/stories/article/65674senate_study_nunavuts_power_generation_system_unsustainable/.

CBC News. (2014, Jun. 04). Nunavut power rate goes up by 7.1%. Retrieved 30 Dec. 2015 from CBC News: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/nunavut-power-rate-goes-up-by-7-1-1.2663715.

CBC News. (2016, June 01). Wind, solar wouldn't cost more than diesel power in parts of Nunavut: study. Retrieved from CBC News: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/nunavut-renewable-energy-possible-1.3610340.

Das, I., & Canizares, C. (2016). Renewable energy deployment in Canadian Arctic. Waterloo: University of Waterloo and WISE.

DFC. (2016). Growing the middle class. Department of Finance Canada. Retrieved 15 June 2016 from: http://www.budget.gc.ca/2016/docs/plan/toc-tdm-en.html.

Dignard, L., Martel, S., & Ross, M. (1998). Photovoltaics in the north: A Canadian program. Proc. 2nd World Conference and Exhibition on Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion. Vienna, Austria.

George, J. (2012, April 20). Wind power for Nunavut? Don’t hold your breath, QEC boss says. Retrieved 29 Dec. 2015 from Nunatsiaq Online: http://www.nunatsiaqonline.ca/stories/article/65674wind_power_for_nunavut_dont_hold_your_breath_qec_boss_says/.

GN. (2001). Ikuma Report- Nunavut’s Energy Options for 2001. Iqaluit: Government of Nunavut.

GN. (2007). Ikummatiit: Government of Nunavut’s Energy Strategy. Retrieved 03 Feb. 2015 from Government of Nunavut: http://www.gov.nu.ca/sites/default/files/ikummatiit_energy_strategy_english.pdf.

GN. (2015, Dec. 23). Nunavut's energy system. Retrieved from Nunavut Energy: http://www.nunavutenergy.ca/Nunavuts_Energy_System.

GN. (2015c, Dec. 29). Billings centre-GN Nunavut Electricity Subsidy Program Contribution Policy. Retrieved from Qulliq Energy Corporation: http://www.qec.nu.ca/home/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=58&Itemid=76.

GN. (2016). Renewable energy. Retrieved from Nunavut Energy: http://www.nunavutenergy.ca/Renewable_Energy.

INAC. (2004). Sharing the Story: Aboriginal and Northern Energy Experiences. Ottawa: Indian and Northern Affaires Canada-Government of Canada.

McDonald, N., & Pearce, J. (2012). Renewable Energy Policies and Programs in Nunavut: Perspectives from the Federal and Territorial Governments. Arctic, Vol.65 (4), 465-475.

Murray, N. (2015, Nov. 20). Qulliq Energy to test solar panels in Nunavut. Retrieved 29 Dec.2015 from CBC News: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/qulliq-energy-to-test-solar-panels-in-nunavut-1.3326524.

NBS. (2014, Febr. 08). Population Estimates report July 2014. Nunavut Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved from Nunavut Bureau of Statistics: http://www.stats.gov.nu.ca/en/Population%20estimate.aspx.

Northern Premiers Forum. (2014). Renewable energy inventory. Retrieved 30 Dec. 2015 from Northern Vision: http://www.anorthernvision.ca/inventory/wind.html.

Northern Vision. (2014). A northern vision: building a better north. Retrieved from: http://www.anorthernvision.ca/Northern%20Vision%20website%20files/pdf/NorthernVisionEnglish.pdf.

NTPC. (2016, May 25). History of the Corporation. Retrieved from Northwest Territories Power Corporation: https://www.ntpc.com/about-ntpc/history.

Nunavut Power. (n.d.). Wind Power Generation. Regie de l'energie.

NWT. (2011). Paths to a Renewable North. A pan-territorial renewable energy inventory. Retrieved from: http://www.anorthernvision.ca/documents/RenewableEnergyInventoryEN.pdf.

Pinard, J., & Weis, T. (2003). Pre-Feasibility Analysis of Wind Energy for Inuvialuit Region in Northwest Territories. Aurora Research Institute. Retrieved from: https://nwtresearch.com/sites/default/files/inuvialuit-region-wind-energy-pre-feasibility-study.pdf.

Poissant, Y., Thevenard, D., & Turcotte, D. (2004). Performance monitoring of the Nunavut Arctic College PV system: nine years of reliable electricity generation. Varennes, QC: CANMET Energy Technology Centre, Natural Resources Canada.

QEC. (2002). Wind Power report. Qulliq Energy Corporation.

QEC. (2013). Qulliq Energy Corporation 2014/15 General Rate Application. Iqaluit, NU: Qulliq Energy Corporation.

QEC. (2014). QEC-13th Annual report 2014-2015. Retrieved from Qulliq Energy Corporation: http://www.qec.nu.ca/home/.

QEC. (2015a, Dec. 28). Qulliq Energy Corporation Corporate Plan 2015-2019. Retrieved from Qulliq Energy Corporation: http://www.qec.nu.ca/home/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=89.

QEC. (2015b, Dec. 29). Billings Centre-Rates schedule effective May 1, 2014. Retrieved from Qulliq Energy Corporation: http://www.qec.nu.ca/home/index.php?option=com_frontpage&Itemid=1.

Rogers, S. (2014, April 29). Kitikmeot community looks to the sky to power new community freezer. Retrieved from Nunatsiaq Online: http://www.nunatsiaqonline.ca/stories/article/65674kitikmeot_community_looks_to_the_sky_to_power_new_community_freezer/.

Rogers, S. (2015, October 06). Manitoba-Nunavut hydro link is economically viable: study. Retrieved from Nunatsiaq Online: http://www.nunatsiaqonline.ca/stories/article/65674manitoba-nunavut_hydro_link_economically_viable_study/.

Rohner, T. (2015, May 28). Peterson pulls the plug on Nunavut MLA’s green energy dreams. Retrieved from Nunatsiaq Online: http://www.nunatsiaqonline.ca/stories/article/65674peterson_pulls_the_plug_on_nunavut_mlas_green_energy_dreams/.

Senate Canada. (2014a). Powering Canada's Territories. Ottawa: Standing Senate Committee on Energy, the Environment and Natural Resources.

Senate Canada. (2014b). Evidence-The Standing Senate Committee on Energy, the Environment and Natural Resources. Ottawa, Thursday, November 20, 2014: Senate Canada.

Weis, T., & Ilinca, A. (2008). The utility of energy storage to improve the economics of wind–diesel power plants in Canada. Renewable Energy , Vol.33, 1544–1557.

Weis, T., & Ilinca, A. (2010). Assessing the potential for a wind power incentive for remote villages in Canada. Energy Policy, Vol.38, 5504-5511.

Weis, T., Ilinca, A., & Pinard, J. (2008). Stakeholder's perspectives on barriers to remote wind-diesel power plants in Canada. Energy Policy, Vol.36, 1611-1621.

Windeyer, C. (2015, Jume 21). 5 things to know about the Senate's territorial energy report. Retrieved from CBC News: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/5-things-to-know-about-the-senate-s-territorial-energy-report-1.3121231.

World Wildlife Fund - Canada (2016, May 31) Renewable energy financially feasible in Nunavut study shows. Retrieved from http://www.wwf.ca/newsroom/?21221/Renewable-energy-financially-feasible-in-Nunavut-study-shows.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15353/pced.v16i0.69

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.